People heard that a man of extraordinary wisdom and eloquence was to be found there. Route: Tihran, Ámul, Tihran Tihran III (1849-June 1851) At the insistence of Taqi Khan, Bahá'u'lláh leaves Tihran to … Bahá’u’lláh was born in Tehran in 1817. In 1873, Bahá’u’lláh completed His most important work, the Most Holy Book (Kitáb-i-Aqdas), written in the His room (pictured here) in the House of ‘Údí Khammár, now part of the House of ‘Abbúd, 2000. This tragic episode left Bahá’u’lláh with a tremor that showed in His handwriting to the end of His life. A second banishment was decreed. The religion of God is for love and unity; make it not the cause of enmity or dissension. (Denny Allen, 2000) The dungeon had once been the reservoir for a public bath. Bahá’u’lláh passed away on 29 May, 1892. Mohammed Ali Bahai (December 16,1853 - December 10,1937) was the eldest son of Baha’u’llah’s second wife, and the second son of Baha’u’llah who survived him. The Seven Valleys describes a progression through seven stages. A collection of quotes from the Baha'i writings on the Birth of Baha'u'llah that can be used as part of the Holy Day celebration. "Father of the poor" Baha’u’llah’s room in His house in … This choice of a successor is a central provision of what is known as the “Covenant of Bahá’u’lláh,” enabling the Bahá’í community to remain united for all time. This ‘old version’ of the Bahá’í Reference Library will be replaced at a later date. meanour. A taj of Bahá’u’lláh displayed in His room at Bahjí. Journal of Baha’i Studies Vol. But despair would soon be transformed into hope: Before leaving the environs of Baghdad, Bahá’u’lláh would announce to His companions what many of them had already suspected—that He was the great Divine Educator heralded by the Báb, the initiator of a new era in history in which the tyrannies and injustices of the past would give way to a world of peace and justice: an embodiment of the principle of the oneness of humankind. A selection of passages from the Writings of Bahá’u’lláh, compiled and translated by Shoghi Effendi, including extracts from Epistle to the Son of the Wolf, the Kitáb-i-Íqán, and the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, as well as other Tablets. “Will, Knowledge, and Love as Explained in Baha’u’llah’s Four Valleys”. Chronological study: Tablets to the Rulers, by Melissa Tansik (1998). By Pete Haug. Only by acting collectively, He said, could a lasting peace be established. Roughly summarized, the four paths, or the four stages of a path towards the Divine described in The Four Valleys are: They have also been translated and explained as: self, reason, love 2. 8. Baha’u’llah (1817-1892), Prophet-Founder of the Baha’i Faith, was born into a noble family in Tehran, Persia (now Iran). He composed three of His most renowned works at this time—the Hidden Words, the Seven Valleys and the Book of Certitude (Kitáb-i-Íqán). The nobility of His character, the wisdom of His counsel, the kindness that He showered upon all and the increasing evidences of superhuman greatness in Him, revived the downtrodden community. “Mystical content and symbology of Baha’u’llah’s Four Valleys”, from. The Mansion of Mazra’ih — one of the homes where Bahá’u’lláh stayed after being released from the prison city of ‘Akká. The city of Tehran, Iran, where Bahá’u’lláh was born. They conducted Him, barefoot and in chains, through teeming streets to a notorious subterranean dungeon, known as the “Black Pit.” The dungeon had once been the reservoir for a public bath. A modern view of the house of Rida Big, the residence of Bahá’u’lláh in Adrianople for one year. Reproduced from The Bahá’í World, Volume 15 (1968-1973) in commemoration of the 50 year anniversary of the passing of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, this piece comprises two excerpts from Shoghi Effendi’s writings, one from a letter titled “The Dispensation of Bahá’u’lláh” and the other from God Passes By. They were translated and approved as a single manuscript, and published together in June 1936. In the eyes of men of insight and the beholders of the Most Sublime Vision, whatsoever are the effective means for safeguarding and promoting the happiness and welfare of the children of men have already been revealed by the Pen of Glory. He summoned the world's leaders to uphold justice and called upon them to convene an assembly where they would meet and put an end to war. Baha’u’llah’s writings offer guidance for creating a just, lasting peace for humankind far into the future. In 1850, the Báb was publicly executed. 6, number 1 (1994). This experience of Divine Revelation, touched on only indirectly in surviving accounts of the lives of Moses, Christ, and Muhammad, is illustrated in Bahá’u’lláh’s own words: “During the days I lay in the prison of Tihran, though the galling weight of the chains and the stench-filled air allowed Me but little sleep, still in those infrequent moments of slumber I felt as if something flowed from the crown of My head over My breast, even as a mighty torrent that precipitateth itself upon the earth from the summit of a lofty mountain…At such moments My tongue recited what no man could bear to hear.”. Baha’u’llah described this occasion as the “Most Great Festival,” the “King of Festivals,” and the “Festival of God.” Baha’is celebrate the first (April 21), the ninth (April 29) and the last (May 2) days of the 12-day Ridvan festival as holy days and where possible take them off work in honor of the occasions. An illuminated copy of the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, commissioned by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in 1902. Website containing thoughtful essays and articles on the Bahá’í Faith and its purpose in the world. In the late 1870s, Bahá’u’lláh—while still a prisoner—was granted some freedom to move outside of the city's walls, allowing His followers to meet with Him in relative peace. As a prominent follower of the Báb, whose teachings had swept through Persia two decades before, Bahá’u’lláh had forfeited the privileged life into which He had been born, and instead embraced imprisonment and exile for the rest of His days. While Bahá’u’lláh’s writings alluded to His station, it was not yet the time for a public announcement. Little by little, the moral character of the Bahá’ís—particularly Bahá’u’lláh’s eldest son, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá—softened the hearts of their jailers, and penetrated the bigotry and indifference of ‘Akká’s residents. In her innermost heart, Sonjel is a stay-at-home parent and a bookworm with a maxed out library card but professionally she is a museologist with a background in English Literature. Mirza Yahya made several shameless efforts to slander Bahá’u’lláh’s character and sow seeds of suspicion and doubt among His companions. Taj belonging to Bahá’u’lláh. From this time onwards, Mirza Husayn-‘Alí was known as Bahá’u’lláh, meaning the “Glory of God” in Arabic. Early adulthood Another view of the house of Bahá’u’lláh in Takur, Mázindarán. The official international website for the bicentenary of the birth of Bahá’u’lláh. See more ideas about bahai faith, bahai quotes, baha i faith. After four months of intense suffering, Bahá’u’lláh—now ill and utterly exhausted—was released and exiled forever from His native Iran. They conducted Him, barefoot and in chains, through teeming streets to a notorious subterranean dungeon, known as the “Black Pit.”. Inspired by the life and teachings of Baha’u’llah, millions of people worldwide celebrated the 200th anniversary of His birth on the 21st and 22nd of October 2017. In 1848, a significant gathering of the Báb’s followers took place in a village in the northeast of Iran named Badasht. His warnings fell upon deaf ears. Life of Baha’u’llah – a Photographic Narative | Bahá’u’lláh and the Báb – a Brief History | Baha’u’llah’s Life & Work | The Mission of the Báb | Quotations of Bahá’u’lláh | Quotations of the Báb | Sacred Text. The Legacy of Baha’u’llah: Principle Teachings. Baha’u’llah spent the last twelve years of His life in dignity and relative comfort, living in a mansion at the site known as Bahji, north of Acre, where He subsequently passed away and was buried. 21 and 22 October 2017 mark the 200th anniversary of the birth of Bahá’u’lláh, the prophet-founder of the Baha’i Faith. Another sign which unmistakably pointed to its approaching hour was the adoption, on the day of His departure from His house in Baghdád, of a different type of headdress known as táj (tall felt hat), which He wore throughout His ministry. The Four Valleys is that promise made manifest.3 It elaborates on four different paths of approach to the Divine, or the four stages of the heart. In Adrianople, their accommodation failed to protect them from the bitter temperatures. The official Baha'i Faith website of many national Baha'i communities can be found here. https://bahaistudies.ca/uploads/2014/05/6.1-Savi.pdf, https://bahai-library.com/langness_mystical_content_four-valleys, Connect with Baha'i Blog on your favourite social channels. In His will, He designated ‘Abdu’l-Bahá as His successor and Head of the Bahá’í Faith — the first time in history that the Founder of a world religion had named his successor in a written irrefutable text. To Baha’is, Baha’u’llah’s birth represents hope and joy and the advent of a spiritual springtime, when the whole world awakens to his hopeful, beautiful message of love, peace, and unity. The Life of Baha'u'llah ... Holy Relics 10 images. You can read The Four Valleys in The Call of the Divine Beloved here on the Baha’i Reference Library. I wrote about the significance of The Seven Valleys in this Baha'i Blog article and while both texts "basically convey the same truth" ((Taherzadeh, Adib. The Mosque of Sultan Salim is in the background. Salah, caretaker at Bahjí, told us the story of the two attempts on the life of Bahá’u’lláh made by this Mufti while Bahá’u’lláh was still in prison. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Both texts offer a road map to the Beloved, God. April, 1863. 12The Bahá'í Faith - www.bahai.org تاج حضرت بهاءالله كه در اتاق ايشان در بهجي به نمايش گذاشته شده است. 4. This 5-minute video is a piece converted from PowerPoint in honor of the upcoming Twin Holy Days. The official Baha'i religion website is: bahai.org. With His acceptance of the religion of the Báb, life permanently changed for the young nobleman and His family. If you find any inaccuracies or errors on this site please let us know by sending an email to [email protected]. The “Divine Springtime,” He would unequivocally proclaim, had arrived. There, the remaining followers of the Báb increasingly turned to Bahá’u’lláh for moral and spiritual guidance. Drawing near to God with a combination of observance of religious law, reason and intellect, and the heart. Any sites linked to Bahai Blog or opinions expressed on Bahai Blog are only those of the authors and editors of the blog and are not necessarily those of the worldwide Baha'i Faith community. As in Baghdad and Adrianople, the nobility of Bahá’u’lláh’s character gradually won the admiration of the community at large, including some of its leaders. Baha’u’llah taught that there is one God, that all religions came from the same God and were true in essence and that the time has come for the unification of the human race. Siyyid ‘Ali-Muhammad of Shiraz (later named the Báb, or “gate”) claimed to be a Messenger of God and his follower, Mirza Husayn-’Ali (named Baha’u’llah, or “The Glory of God”) claimed to receive divine revelations from God. Although They never met in person, from the moment Mirza Husayn-‘Alí heard of the Báb’s message, He declared His wholehearted belief in it and put all of His energy and influence into promoting it. This period of His life was reminiscent of Moses' withdrawal to Mount Sinai, Christ’s days in the wilderness, and Muhammad's retreat in the Arabian hills. The new version of the Bahá… Beginning in September 1867, Bahá’u’lláh wrote a series of letters to the leaders and rulers of various nations. Bahá’u’lláh referred to Adrianople as the “remote prison.” Yet despite the inhospitable conditions under which the exiles were forced to live, inspired verses continued to flow from Bahá’u’lláh’s pen, and His message reached as far away as Egypt and India. This framework, initially drawn in Attar’s Conference of the Birds and later used by Rumi and many others, posits a fairly complex spiritual journey through varying levels of detachment from the physical world and initiation into the numinous. Sufism is a form of mysticism (you can read about the mystical dimensions of the Baha’i Faith in this Baha’i Blog article or you can watch this talk) and both The Seven Valleys and The Four Valleys were revealed in poetic tropes that Sufis would have recognized. They remained there for just four months before a further banishment took them to Edirne (Adrianople), a gruelling journey undertaken during the coldest of winters. Sonjel is a writer who loves to listen to jazz when she's driving at night. Retrieved from: Langness, David. Timeline of the rise of nation states, 1844-1871, and the history and fate of the rulers to whom Baha'u'llah wrote in the 1860s. To remove Himself from being the cause of tension, Bahá’u’lláh retired to the mountains of Kurdistan, where He remained for two years, reflecting on His divine purpose. Shoghi Effendi, God Passes By, p. 149, for the lines quoted. This is the first of what I hope will develop into 200 articles in the days until then. But Baha’u’llah discarded the traditional Sufi model when He wrote the Four Valleys. The event will be celebrated around the world. Bahá'u'lláh, Epistle to the Son of the Wolf, pp. He and His family were sent to Baghdad. Baha'u'llah's The Seven Valleys and The Four Valleys are often found translated together in English, however, they are two distinct mystical texts, or tablets. Photos are from the Star of the West, The Baha'i World volumes, Andalib, Baha'i World News Service, Baha'i Media Bank, and other sources. The Bahá’í World Publication. The Four Valleys is an epistle addressed to one of Baha’u’llah’s devoted admirers, Shaykh Abdu’r-Raḥman, the “honored and indisputable leader” of the Qadiriyyih Order of Sufism, who had met Baha’u’llah when He was in Sulaymaniyyih and who had great respect for Baha’u’llah.2. When He wrote The Seven Valleys, which functioned as a response to an unfriendly Sufi cleric’s challenge to His learning, Baha’u’llah used the traditional seven-step Sufi spiritual structure. Browne wrote of their meeting: “The face of Him on Whom I gazed I can never forget, though I cannot describe it. A new version of the Bahá’í Reference Library is now available. In the mid to late-19th century, the Bahá’í faith emerged out of the Twelver Shi’ite Muslim community in Iran. Baháʼu'lláh (12 November 1817 – 29 May 1892) was a Persian religious leader, and the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, which advocates universal peace and unity among all … As a young man, rather than pursuing a career in government service as His father had done, Mirza Husayn-‘Alí chose to devote His energies to the care of the poor. Bahá’u’lláh as a youth The house of Bahá’u’lláh in Takur, Mázindarán, destroyed by the government in 1981. He lived in Persia in the 19 th century, a time of great religious ferment throughout the world. Baha’u’llah’s Four Valleys represents, for me, a modern model for spiritual search and growth that has long historical reverberations across many spiritual traditions. Near its conclusion, Baha’u’llah states that “the heart is endowed with four stages” and He promises to describe them further, “should a kindred soul be found”. Shrine of Baha’u’llah, Acre, Israel – Baha’i shrines named to the UNESCO World Heritage list – 2008, Song: Ancient Beauty (aerial photo) Mirza Husayn-‘Alí played a central role in the proceedings, which affirmed the independent character of the new religion. In ‘Akká, Bahá’u’lláh revealed His most important work, the Kitáb-i-Aqdas (the Most Holy Book), in which He outlined the essential laws and principles of His Faith, and established the foundations for a global administrative order. and the apex of consciousness.6, The first three Valleys are described as three aspects of the spiritual path to be trod by any human being, so that he/she may acquire knowledge of God, as realization of the self, through the use of his/her capacities of willing, knowing, and loving respectively. As the community of the Báb’s followers grew, so did the fierce opposition it provoked. This essay, originally titled “The Biography of Baha’u'llah,” was written in June 1934 and translated into English by Mohammed Ali's… During this period Mirza Yahya, the jealous half-brother of Bahá’u’lláh, contrived to poison Him. Baha’u’llah’s The Seven Valleys and The Four Valleys are often found translated together in English, however, they are two distinct mystical texts, or tablets. 137-8. with a hurt there is no dispeller thereof save Him' is a healing medicine. In April 1890, Professor Edward Granville Browne of Cambridge University met Bahá’u’lláh at the mansion near ‘Akká where He had taken up residence. Baha’i Multimedia Resources is comprised of 74 sites - this site being one of them. As Bahá’u’lláh’s fame spread, the envy and malice of some of the clergy was rekindled. At dawn, on the second day of the Islamic Year, on 12 November 1817, Khadijih Khanum gave birth to the eldest of her surviving sons - Baha'u'llah. The fourth Valley is interpreted as describing the lofty and unattainable condition of the Manifestations of God, and as such, as offering a hint of the glory of the goal of perfection towards which human beings should strive, albeit assured that such a perfection will never be theirs.7. Bahá’u’lláh’s venerable figure slowly ascended the slope of Mt Carmel followed by his disciples. It was in this grim setting that the rarest and most cherished of events was once again played out: a mortal man, outwardly human in every respect, was chosen by God to bring to humanity a new message. Baha'i Blog is not an official Baha'i site and is purely an individual initiative operating as a not-for-profit entity. Taj belonging to Bahá’u’lláh ... Bicentenary of the Birth of Bahá’u’lláh. Thousands upon thousands were subjected to the most cruel and barbaric treatment, and many were put to death. From a very early age, He displayed extraordinary knowledge and wisdom. In these prescient writings, He openly proclaimed His station, speaking of the dawn of a new age. 7. In 1852, Bahá’u’lláh was falsely charged with complicity in an attempt on the life of Nasiruddin Shah, the King of Iran. And in 2019 an updated translation was released by the Baha’i World Centre in the compilation The Call of the Divine Beloved.8 The preface of The Call of the Divine Beloved states: “While those earlier translations contain many exquisite, inspired passages, some changes were required for clarity and accuracy.” The preface concludes with: May the publication of this volume contribute to a deeper appreciation of the mystical dimensions of Baha’u’llah’s Message and inspire a greater zeal and fervour in raising the celestial call of the Divine Beloved: “For whereas in days past every lover besought and searched after his Beloved, it is the Beloved Himself Who now is calling His lovers and is inviting them to attain His presence.”9. Men and women, young and old, from all walks of life, gathered on the thoroughfare leading to the banks of the River Tigris in Baghdad to bid a tearful farewell to One Who had become their friend, their comforter and their guide. But first, He warned, there would be catastrophic upheavals in the world's political and social order. On the way Bahá'u'lláh and his party are arrested and taken to Amúl. They have appeared together since then: in 1945 a new English translation of The Seven Valleys and the Four Valleys was produced by Ali Kuli Khan and his daughter Marzieh Gail. Bahá’u’lláh’s emergence as the leader of the community of the Báb’s followers increasingly aroused the intense jealousy of Mirza Yahya, His ambitious, younger half-brother. Continued agitation from Bahá’u’lláh’s detractors caused the Ottoman government to banish Him one final time, to its most notorious penal colony. » Three of the robes worn by Bahá’u’lláh displayed in the Bahá'í International Archives. Representations were made to the Shah of Iran to ask the Ottoman Sultan to remove Bahá’u’lláh further from the Iranian border. Three months after departing Baghdad, Bahá’u’lláh and His fellow exiles reached Constantinople. Your email address will not be published. Mirza Husayn-‘Alí—known as Bahá’u’lláh—was being banished from their midst. My last column introduced Baha’u’llah, a messenger of God and founder of the Baha’i Faith. According to Bahaipedia.org, Shoghi Effendi requested that Ali Kuli Khan translate The Four Valleys into English and re-translate The Seven Valleys, which he had translated in the early 1900’s. Required fields are marked *. Nov 11, 2014 - Ascension of the Blessed Beauty the Ancient of Days Baha'u'llah When the warrant was issued, He set out to face His accusers, much to the astonishment of those who were charged with arresting Him. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. When the warrant was issued, He set out to face His accusers, much to the astonishment of those who were charged with arresting Him. Drawing near to God through observance of religious law. With the majority of the Báb’s leading supporters killed, it soon became evident that Bahá’u’lláh was the only One to Whom the remaining Bábís could turn. Residing once more in Baghdad, Bahá’u’lláh reinvigorated the Báb’s followers; the stature of the community grew and His reputation spread ever further. She currently lives on Prince Edward Island, an isle in the shape of a smile on the eastern Canadian coast. Your email address will not be published. This last stage is considered the highest or truest form of mystic union. Confined to a prison for more than two years, He and His companions were later moved to a cramped house within the city's walls. More about the life and mission of Bahá’u’lláh » He showed no interest in seeking position or prominence. Arriving in the Mediterranean prison city of ‘Akká on 31 August 1868, Bahá’u’lláh was to spend the rest of His life in the fortified city and its environs. O ye that dwell on earth! I wrote about the significance of The Seven Valleys in this Baha’i Blog article and while both texts “basically convey the same truth”1, I’d like to share a brief introduction to The Four Valleys in this piece and explore what makes it distinct. The writing of Taj-i-Vahhaj: Memoirs of Jinab-i-Aziz’u’llah Azizi was originally intended for the benefit of his children and for posterity, so that his descendants might follow in the spiritual footsteps of their beloved forebear. The resting place of Bahá’u’lláh’s earthly remains is at Bahjí, the holiest place on earth for Bahá’ís. When such stories reached Baghdad, the Bábís, guessing Bahá’u’lláh’s identity, dispatched a mission to implore Him to return. Bahá’u’lláh has been … When three hundred Bábís sought refuge in a deserted shrine called Shaykh Tabarsi, Bahá’u’lláh set out to join them, but He was prevented from reaching His destination. Replaced at a later date 149, for the Bicentenary of the of... 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